Список форумов Злодейские моды для phpBB Злодейские моды для phpBB
Создание и поддержка развлекательных модов: тотализатор, викторина, аукцион, шахматы
 
 FAQFAQ   ПоискПоиск  ВикторинаВикторина  АукционАукцион  Сделать ставкуТотализатор   ПользователиПользователи   ГруппыГруппы   РегистрацияРегистрация 
 ПрофильПрофиль   Войти и проверить личные сообщенияВойти и проверить личные сообщения   ВходВход 

Useful Bulk Carriers Site

 
Начать новую тему   Ответить на тему    Список форумов Злодейские моды для phpBB -> Тотализатор
Предыдущая тема :: Следующая тема  
Автор Сообщение
FrankJScott



Зарегистрирован: 12.10.2021
Сообщения: 70
Откуда: USA
баксов: 1956.00

СообщениеДобавлено: Чт Ноя 25, 2021 03:14    Заголовок сообщения: Useful Bulk Carriers Site Ответить с цитатой

The Main Purpose and Function of Bulk Ships that travel by sea

There were numerous risks in operating seagoing bulk carriers. The safety of seagoing bulk carriers is a matter of meticulous preparation. This site serves as an easy reference for the shipping industry in general and provides guidance and information about loading and discharge of bulk cargo kinds. These limits are set by the classification societies. It is crucial to minimize the risk of a ship's structure being stressed, and to adhere to the safety requirements to ensure safe passage on the sea. There are a wealth of information on bulk carrier topics on our detailed pages for both those who work on the sea as well as those working ashore.

General characteristics of a seagoing bulk carrier
Bulk carriers have a single deck and include top-side tanks as well as the hopper tank. They are able to carry bulk cargo that is a single product. Any substance that is not gas or liquid but is bulk solid cargo, which includes any substance made up of a mixture or granules, or any other material with an uniform composition. This material can be put directly into the cargo space of a ship and doesn't require containment. Examples of dry cargo are sugar, grain and bulk ores. Bulk carriers are vessel that is primarily used for transporting large or liquid cargo. This could also encompass tankers. However, in common usage, bulk carriers are used to describe vessels that are designed to carry bulk goods that are solid. This includes grain and agricultural products similar to it as well as minerals like coal, iron, ore, and stone. Check out this bulk ship site for more.



What Is Bulk Carrier?

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

Carrying weights range from 3,000 tonnes to 300,000.
Averaging speed of 12-15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Small to medium size (carrying up to up to 40,000 tonnes) typically use cargo handling equipment. Larger vessels, however, use facilities on shore to unload and load.
Cargo storage is usually large and without any obstacles. There are bigger hatch sizes to allow cargoes to be easily loaded and unloaded.
-Ballast holds are a common element on bulk carriers. This is a possibility to use in ballast voyages to increase stability. You may also be permitted to ballast part of the way, however this is only allowed for ports.
They are available as single pull or stacking (piggyback), type hatch covers made of steel.
Four kinds of ballast tanks:
Sloping topside wing tanks
Tanks with a sloping bottom side.
Double bottom tanks
After peak and peak peak, ballast water tank.

Are they bulk cargo that is solid? Solid bulk cargo is any substance that is not gas or liquids comprised of grains, particles, or larger pieces and which can be loaded directly into the cargo area without additional container. The cargoes carried by bulk carriers, which range from "clean" foodstuffs up to "dirty" minerals, and including the ones that react with each other or with contaminants like water, means that care should be taken to ensure that cargo spaces are adequately prepared for the specific item that is to be loaded. It is crucial to clean the cargo areas prior to being able to be able to load it. Surveyors are usually needed to confirm that the area is clean to be loaded. To prevent contamination, it's essential to remove any residues from prior cargo. The damage to bulk cargoes is mainly caused by water. Therefore it is not enough that the hold be dry in order to hold cargo, but the hatch covers should be watertight or, when necessary, sealed to prevent ingress of water. All fittings inside the storage area (ladders pipe guards, ladders as well as bilge.) are to be examined. In order to ensure that they're in good order and properly fitted, all fittings in the hold (ladders, pipe guards and bilge covers.) should be inspected. This equipment may cause serious delay and damage to conveyor belts. Unintentionally discharged cargo will result in the ship being found to be responsible. Check out this tankers blog for more.



Bulk Carrier, Bulker Bulk Carrier, Bulker? A vessel that can transport dry cargo. It is not intended to be a liquid bulk carrier or tanker. A conventional bulk carrier is constructed with one deck, a one skin and double bottom. It also has topside and side tank hoppers. tanks that are located in cargo areas. Bulk carriers are made to hold a maximum deadweight of any bulk cargo including heavy ore and lighter grain . The loading, transportation, and final discharge of dry bulk cargo are not as straightforward or as simple as most people believe.

Carrier for bulk material without gear
Many bulk cargoes can contain dangerous substances or change their properties during transit. The ship could be damaged due to improper loading e.g. Incorrect loading can lead to the ship breaking if you load a hold forward at its maximum. This ?stress? could lead to life-threatening situations at sea when there is severe weather. Other cargoes may be affected by the residues of previous cargoes. Some bulk cargoes are susceptible to damage from water. cement power. It's not always simple to confirm the exact weights of cargoes that were loaded or removed. Each of these aspects can have an impact on the operational procedures used for the safe carriage of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes are prone to create a cone when they are loaded on conveyor belts. The angle formed by the cone is known as 'angle of repose'. It varies from one cargo to the next. Iron ore cargoes, on the other hand have an angle that is steeply-angled. Cargoes that flow free will form shallower cones. Cargoes with low angles of repose tend to move through the course of transport. As the cargo nears its completion, bulldozers could have to be employed to distribute the load over a number of holds. Most dry-bulk carriers need to make use of facilities on shore to load cargo and discharge it. But certain bulk carriers come with self unloading features including conveyors under the cargo hold or cranes on deck.
Вернуться к началу
Посмотреть профиль Отправить личное сообщение Отправить e-mail AIM Address
Показать сообщения:   
Начать новую тему   Ответить на тему    Список форумов Злодейские моды для phpBB -> Тотализатор Часовой пояс: GMT + 3
Страница 1 из 1

 
Перейти:  
Вы не можете начинать темы
Вы не можете отвечать на сообщения
Вы не можете редактировать свои сообщения
Вы не можете удалять свои сообщения
Вы не можете голосовать в опросах
You cannot attach files in this forum
You can download files in this forum


Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2005 phpBB Group
Русская поддержка phpBB

Anti Bot Question MOD - phpBB MOD against Spam Bots
Заблокировано регистраций / сообщений: 124378 / 0